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Climate, Average Weather of Russia

  • Of the land area, 2.9% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 0.4% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 25% has a continental/ microthermal climate with dry winters(Dw), 61.7% has a continental/ microthermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Df), 2.3% has a alpine/ highland climate (H), 7.8% has a polar climate (E).
  • Of the population, 6.1% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 0% live in a arid/ desert climate (BW), 3.2% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 8.7% live in a continental/ microthermal climate with dry winters(Dw), 80.1% live in a continental/ microthermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Df), 0.5% live in a polar climate (E), 1.5% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Lat Long Alt m(ft) Climate Biome Av Temp Precip
Krenkel Polar (Isl)8038'N584'E24.66 (81)TundraPolar desert-14 (7)293 (12)
Vize Island7929'N7659'E10 (33)Tundra-15 (6)199 (8)
Cape Celjuskin/ Fedo7743'N10418'E15 (49)TundraPolar desert-15 (4)247 (10)
Ujedinenija Island7730'N8213'E9 (30)Tundra-14 (7)194 (8)
Kotel'Nyj Island760'N13752'E14.9 (49)Tundra-15 (5)171 (7)
Dikson Island7331'N8024'E46.37 (152)Tundra-12 (10)366 (14)
Cape Salaurova7310'N14313'E14 (46)TundraPolar desert-15 (5)168 (7)
Malye Karmakuly, Novaya Zemlya7223'N5244'E16 (52)TundraPolar desert-6 (22)316 (12)
Malye Karmakuly7222'N5243'E14.7 (48)TundraPolar desert-5 (22)419 (17)
Hatanga7159'N10228'E32.8 (108)Polar desert-13 (8)270 (11)
Vrangelja Island7059'N17839'W4.6 (15)TundraPolar desert-11 (11)177 (7)
Cetyrehstolbovoj Il7037'N16224'E32 (105)Tundra-14 (7)132 (5)
Cokurdah7037'N14753'E61 (200)TundraSubpolar moist tundra-14 (6)233 (9)
Dudinka6924'N8610'E19.42 (64)Subpolar moist tundra-10 (14)529 (21)
Murmansk6857'N333'E50.6 (166)Subpolar wet tundra0 (32)491 (19)
Cape Smidta6854'N17938'W3.5 (11)Tundra-12 (11)356 (14)
Dzardzan6844'N1240'E38.54 (126)Boreal desert-12 (10)298 (12)
Kanin Nos (Cape)6839'N4317'E48.5 (159)Tundra-1 (30)441 (17)
Olenek6830'N11226'E219.54 (720)Subpolar moist tundra-12 (11)291 (11)
Cape Kamennyj6830'N7335'E7 (23)Tundra-9 (15)393 (15)
Essej6828'N10222'E272 (892)Subpolar moist tundra-12 (10)248 (10)
Nar'Jan-Mar6737'N531'E11.75 (39)Subpolar wet tundra-4 (25)435 (17)
Verhojansk6734'N13324'E136.24 (447)Subpolar dry tundra-15 (4)177 (7)
Ilirnej6715'N16758'E353.7 (1160)Subpolar moist tundra-14 (8)236 (9)
Kandalaksa6710'N3221'E25.4 (83)Boreal wet forest0 (32)520 (20)
Hoseda-Hard673'N5925'E83.92 (275)Subpolar wet tundra-5 (23)455 (18)
Zigansk6646'N12324'E92.36 (303)Boreal desert-12 (11)284 (11)
Ust-Oloj6633'N15925'E127.4 (418)Subpolar moist tundra-12 (10)264 (10)
Salekhard6632'N6640'E16.3 (53)Subpolar moist tundra-7 (20)438 (17)
Selagoncy6615'N11417'E235.6 (773)Subpolar moist tundra-13 (8)292 (12)
Cape Uelen6610'N16950'W7.06 (23)Tundra-8 (18)443 (17)
Gridino6554'N3446'E12 (39)Boreal moist forest1 (34)430 (17)
Turukhansk6548'N8759'E37.84 (124)Boreal moist forest-7 (20)553 (22)
Zyryanka6544'N15054'E42.9 (141)Boreal moist forest-11 (12)266 (10)
Ust-Cilma6526'N5216'E79.2 (260)Boreal wet forest-2 (29)566 (22)
Pecora658'N578'E59 (194)Boreal wet forest-2 (28)579 (23)
Kem6457'N3439'E8 (26)Boreal moist forest1 (34)435 (17)
Tarko-Sale6455'N7749'E27.1 (89)Boreal moist forest-6 (21)490 (19)
Anadyr6447'N17734'E60.94 (200)Subpolar moist tundra-8 (18)344 (14)
Markovo6441'N17025'E26.24 (86)Subpolar moist tundra-9 (16)408 (16)
Arkhangelsk6430'N4030'E4 (13)Boreal moist forest1 (33)539 (21)
Providenja Bay6423'N17314'W39.7 (130)TundraPolar desert-4 (25)786 (31)
Tura6416'N10013'E190.73 (626)Subpolar moist tundra-9 (15)379 (15)
Berezovo6356'N653'E32.3 (106)Boreal moist forest-4 (26)531 (21)
Onega6354'N387'E12.7 (42)SubarcticBoreal wet forest2 (35)600 (24)
Reboly6350'N3049'E182 (597)Boreal wet forest1 (34)606 (24)
Viljujsk6347'N12137'E110.89 (364)Boreal dry scrub-9 (16)261 (10)
Oymyakon6316'N1439'E740 (2428)Subpolar rain tundra-16 (4)175 (7)
Sejmcan6255'N15225'E210.06 (689)Boreal moist forest-11 (12)311 (12)
Troicko-Pecerskoe6242'N5611'E135.99 (446)Boreal wet forest-1 (30)644 (25)
Kamenskoe6230'N16611'E8 (26)Subpolar moist tundra-7 (20)445 (18)
Njaksimvol'6226'N6052'E50.8 (167)Boreal moist forest-2 (29)556 (22)
Suntar629'N11739'E137.54 (451)Boreal dry scrub-8 (18)276 (11)
Jakutsk621'N12943'E100.72 (330)Boreal dry scrub-10 (14)239 (9)
Petrozavodsk6149'N3416'E111 (364)SubarcticBoreal wet forest2 (36)585 (23)
Sortovala6143'N3043'E19 (62)SubarcticCool temperate moist forest3 (38)608 (24)
Syktyvkar6141'N5047'E118.8 (390)SubarcticBoreal moist forest1 (33)555 (22)
Bajkit6140'N9622'E262 (860)Boreal moist forest-6 (20)518 (20)
Bor6135'N902'E57.6 (189)Boreal moist forest-4 (25)594 (23)
Erbogacen6116'N1081'E290.7 (954)Boreal dry scrub-7 (19)333 (13)
Surgut6115'N7330'E40 (131)Boreal moist forest-3 (26)492 (19)
Kotlas6114'N4641'E55.9 (183)SubarcticBoreal moist forest1 (35)537 (21)
Hanty-Mansijsk612'N697'E44.31 (145)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-2 (29)548 (22)
Vytegra611'N3628'E56 (184)SubarcticBoreal wet forest3 (37)683 (27)
Ivdel'6041'N6027'E94.16 (309)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-1 (31)517 (20)
Aleksandrovskoe6026'N7752'E48.53 (159)Boreal moist forest-2 (28)492 (19)
Cerdyn'6024'N5631'E206.56 (678)SubarcticBoreal moist forest0 (32)717 (28)
Olekminsk6024'N12025'E229.57 (753)Boreal moist forest-6 (21)313 (12)
Ust-Maja6023'N13427'E170.3 (559)Boreal moist forest-10 (14)312 (12)
Korf6021'N1660'E2 (7)Subpolar wet tundra-3 (28)443 (17)
Vanavara6020'N10218'E260.28 (854)Boreal dry scrub-6 (21)418 (16)
Tot'Ma5959'N4246'E135.47 (444)SubarcticBoreal moist forest2 (35)623 (25)
Saint Petersburg5958'N3018'E4 (13)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest5 (40)569 (22)
Leningrad5958'N3018'E6 (20)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest5 (41)633 (25)
Levsi5938'N6543'E72 (236)SubarcticBoreal moist forest0 (32)481 (19)
Magadan5933'N15047'E116.18 (381)Subpolar wet tundra-3 (26)533 (21)
Vitim5927'N11235'E190 (623)Boreal moist forest-5 (22)430 (17)
Okhotsk5922'N14312'E6 (20)-5 (22)378 (15)
Ohotsk5922'N14312'E5.6 (18)-4 (24)489 (19)
Vologda5919'N3956'E129.9 (426)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest3 (37)574 (23)
Kirov5838'N4937'E165 (541)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest2 (36)630 (25)
Aldan5837'N12522'E679.14 (2228)Boreal moist forest-6 (21)658 (26)
Biser5831'N5851'E463.54 (1521)Boreal wet forest-1 (31)847 (33)
Novgorod5831'N3115'E24 (79)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest4 (40)558 (22)
Ust'Vajampolka5830'N15910'E7.2 (24)-3 (26)479 (19)
Jenisejsk5827'N9212'E78.98 (259)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-2 (29)486 (19)
Bogucany5823'N9727'E133.6 (438)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-2 (28)343 (14)
Kolpasev5819'N8257'E75.12 (246)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-1 (30)495 (19)
Tobolsk589'N6815'E46.99 (154)SubarcticCool temperate steppe0 (32)473 (19)
Perm5757'N5612'E170 (558)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest2 (35)620 (24)
Pskov5749'N2820'E44 (144)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest5 (41)622 (25)
Kirensk5746'N1084'E258.52 (848)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-4 (24)387 (15)
Kostroma5744'N4047'E125.6 (412)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest3 (38)618 (24)
Cara5654'N11816'E710.6 (2331)Boreal moist forest-8 (18)348 (14)
Tara5654'N7423'E73.01 (240)SubarcticBoreal moist forest0 (32)440 (17)
Culman/ Neriugri5650'N12452'E858.42 (2816)Boreal moist forest-9 (16)533 (21)
Sverdlovsk5650'N6038'E281.24 (923)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest2 (36)497 (20)
Yekaterinburg5648'N6038'E237 (778)SubarcticBoreal moist forest1 (34)460 (18)
Krasnoufimsk5639'N5747'E206.42 (677)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest1 (35)549 (22)
Tomsk5630'N8455'E139.21 (457)SubarcticBoreal moist forest0 (32)538 (21)
Ajan5627'N1389'E7.8 (26)-3 (27)893 (35)
Velikie Luki5621'N3037'E103 (338)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest5 (41)618 (24)
Kljuci5619'N16050'E28.9 (95)Polar desert-1 (31)642 (25)
Bratsk5617'N10145'E416.09 (1365)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-1 (29)354 (14)
Ust-Kamcatsk5614'N16242'E30.3 (99)Subpolar wet tundra0 (31)723 (28)
Gor'Kij5613'N4349'E161 (528)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest4 (39)619 (24)
Sadrinsk564'N6339'E89 (292)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest2 (36)429 (17)
Krasnoyarsk560'N9253'E156 (512)SubarcticBoreal moist forest1 (33)420 (17)
Moscow5550'N3737'E156.7 (514)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest5 (41)689 (27)
Nizneangarsk5547'N10935'E479.45 (1573)Subpolar moist tundra-3 (27)350 (14)
Kazan5544'N4912'E118.5 (389)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest4 (39)548 (22)
Ica5535'N15535'E5.5 (18)Boreal wet forest-1 (31)744 (29)
Kurgan5528'N6525'E73.9 (242)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest2 (36)388 (15)
Barabinsk5521'N7818'E119.5 (392)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest0 (33)379 (15)
Nikolskoe/ Beringa5512'N16559'E17.8 (58)2 (36)700 (28)
Kalakan557'N11646'E613.1 (2011)Boreal moist forest-8 (18)396 (16)
Novosibirsk552'N8254'E162 (531)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest0 (32)425 (17)
Omsk551'N7323'E122.33 (401)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest1 (34)390 (15)
Elat'Ma5457'N4146'E135.6 (445)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest4 (40)617 (24)
Nizne-Udinsk5453'N992'E411.39 (1350)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-1 (30)391 (15)
Zigalovo5448'N10510'E418.95 (1375)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-4 (25)337 (13)
Smolensk5445'N324'E238 (781)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest5 (40)701 (28)
Kaliningrad5444'N2033'E21.02 (69)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest7 (45)802 (32)
Bomnak5443'N12852'E364.41 (1196)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-5 (23)584 (23)
Ufa5443'N5549'E104.4 (343)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest3 (37)581 (23)
Bogdarin5426'N11335'E902.43 (2961)Boreal dry scrub-6 (21)353 (14)
Skovorodino540'N12358'E397.27 (1303)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-5 (24)447 (18)
Pavelec5347'N3915'E209.1 (686)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest4 (40)550 (22)
Mogoca5345'N11944'E624.9 (2050)Boreal moist forest-5 (23)433 (17)
Minusinsk5343'N9142'E254.49 (835)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest1 (34)341 (13)
Barnaul5326'N8331'E185.1 (607)Humid continentalCool temperate steppe2 (36)423 (17)
Ust-Barguzin5325'N1091'E460.5 (1511)Boreal moist forest-2 (28)372 (15)
Kujbysev/ Bezencuk5317'N5030'E44 (144)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest5 (41)563 (22)
Nikolayevsk Na Amure539'N14042'E66.8 (219)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest-2 (28)641 (25)
Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky535'N15835'E83.9 (275)Polar desert2 (35)996 (39)
Ekimcan535'N13256'E542.1 (1779)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-5 (22)647 (25)
Tambov5248'N4120'E128.4 (421)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest5 (42)550 (22)
Im Poliny Osipenko5225'N13630'E70.41 (231)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest-3 (27)472 (19)
Irkutsk5216'N10419'E469.1 (1539)SubarcticBoreal moist forest0 (32)467 (18)
Vasilevici5215'N2950'E142.4 (467)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest7 (44)627 (25)
Cita/ Kadala525'N11329'E670.6 (2200)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-3 (27)343 (13)
Chita521'N11320'E662 (2172)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-3 (27)343 (14)
Krasnojarsk5157'N5953'E342 (1122)SubarcticCool temperate steppe1 (34)467 (18)
Ulan-Ude/ Muhino5150'N10736'E514.6 (1688)Mid-latitude steppeBoreal dry scrub-1 (30)257 (10)
Kursk5146'N3610'E247.25 (811)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest6 (42)610 (24)
Orenburg5142'N555'E117.51 (386)Humid continentalCool temperate steppe5 (40)374 (15)
Voronez5139'N3915'E104 (341)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest6 (43)579 (23)
Saratov5133'N462'E166.5 (546)Humid continentalCool temperate steppe6 (42)471 (19)
Nercinskij Zavod5119'N11937'E619.1 (2031)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-3 (27)435 (17)
Aleksandrovsk-Sahal5054'N14210'E31 (102)Humid continentalBoreal wet forest0 (33)636 (25)
Borzja5024'N11631'E675.6 (2217)SubarcticBoreal dry scrub-2 (28)301 (12)
Blagovescensk5017'N12729'E169 (554)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest1 (33)573 (23)
Aleksandrov-Gaj509'N4833'E24.72 (81)Humid continentalCool temperate steppe7 (44)337 (13)
Kyra4934'N11158'E907.9 (2979)SubarcticBoreal moist forest-1 (30)382 (15)
Poronajsk4913'N1436'E8 (26)Boreal wet forest0 (33)739 (29)
Volgograd4842'N4431'E42 (138)Humid continentalCool temperate steppe7 (45)318 (13)
Habarovsk/ Novy4832'N13511'E76 (249)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest2 (35)711 (28)
Khabarovsk4831'N1357'E86 (282)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest0 (32)569 (22)
Ekaterino-Nikol'Sko4744'N13058'E72.7 (239)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest2 (36)620 (24)
Cape Zolotoj4719'N13859'E25.6 (84)SubarcticBoreal wet forest3 (37)866 (34)
Rostov On Don4715'N3949'E78 (256)Humid continentalCool temperate steppe10 (49)595 (23)
Nikolaev472'N3157'E50 (164)Humid continentalCool temperate steppe10 (50)467 (18)
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Sakhalin4658'N14243'E23 (75)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest2 (36)753 (30)
Juzno-Sahalinsk4657'N14243'E24 (79)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest2 (36)857 (34)
Simusir Island4653'N15154'E26 (85)3 (37)1630 (64)
Elista4618'N4411'E197.2 (647)Humid continentalCool temperate steppe9 (49)354 (14)
Astrakhan4616'N482'E18 (59)Mid-latitude steppeCool temperate desert scrub10 (50)216 (8)
Jaskul'4611'N4521'E-6.71 (-22)Mid-latitude steppeCool temperate steppe10 (50)246 (10)
Primorsko-Ahtarsk462'N389'E3.88 (13)Humid subtropicalCool temperate steppe11 (52)590 (23)
Kerc'4524'N3625'E49 (161)Humid subtropicalCool temperate steppe11 (52)434 (17)
Krasnodar452'N399'E34 (112)Humid subtropicalCool temperate steppe12 (53)695 (27)
Ternej450'N13636'E61.8 (203)Humid continentalBoreal wet forest3 (38)818 (32)
Armavir4459'N417'E159.18 (522)Humid subtropicalCool temperate steppe11 (52)595 (23)
Tuapse (Stream)446'N394'E61.54 (202)Humid subtropicalCool temperate moist forest14 (56)1394 (55)
Pjatigorsk442'N431'E576 (1890)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest9 (48)553 (22)
Juzno-Kurilsk441'N14552'E45 (148)Humid continental5 (41)1245 (49)
Soci4335'N3946'E131.46 (431)Humid subtropicalCool temperate wet forest14 (57)1572 (62)
Gorznyj4315'N4543'E257.57 (845)Humid continentalCool temperate steppe11 (51)449 (18)
Vladivostok437'N13155'E188.5 (618)Humid continentalCool temperate moist forest4 (40)787 (31)
Mahackala430'N4730'E-18.61 (-61)Subtropical steppe12 (54)337 (13)
Tamdy-Bulak4144'N6437'E236 (774)Mid-latitude desertCool temperate desert14 (57)124 (5)
Fergana4023'N7145'E577 (1893)Mid-latitude desertCool temperate desert scrub14 (57)177 (7)
Leninbad4013'N6944'E427 (1401)Mid-latitude desertCool temperate desert14 (58)165 (6)
Termez3717'N6719'E311 (1020)Subtropical desertWarm temperate thorn steppe17 (62)148 (6)
 Russia Average5751'N824'E163 (536)Humid continentalBoreal moist forest-1 (30)494 (19)

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