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Climate & Temperature > Russia Climate
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Climate, Average Weather of Russia

  • Of the land area, 2.9% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 0.4% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 25% has a continental/ microthermal climate with dry winters(Dw), 61.7% has a continental/ microthermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Df), 2.3% has a alpine/ highland climate (H), 7.8% has a polar climate (E).
  • Of the population, 6.1% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 0% live in a arid/ desert climate (BW), 3.2% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 8.7% live in a continental/ microthermal climate with dry winters(Dw), 80.1% live in a continental/ microthermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Df), 0.5% live in a polar climate (E), 1.5% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Location Lat. Long. Alt. m(ft) Climate Biome Av. Temp. Precip.
Krenkel Polar (Isl)8038'N584'E25 (81)ETPolar desert-14 (7)293 (12)
Vize Island7929'N7659'E10 (33)ET--15 (6)199 (8)
Cape Celjuskin/ Fedo7743'N10418'E15 (49)ETPolar desert-15 (4)247 (10)
Ujedinenija Island7730'N8213'E9 (30)ET--14 (7)194 (8)
Kotel'Nyj Island760'N13752'E15 (49)ET--15 (5)171 (7)
Dikson Island7331'N8024'E46 (152)ET--12 (10)366 (14)
Cape Salaurova7310'N14313'E14 (46)ETPolar desert-15 (5)168 (7)
Malye Karmakuly, Novaya Zemlya7223'N5244'E16 (52)ETPolar desert-6 (22)316 (12)
Malye Karmakuly7222'N5243'E15 (48)ETPolar desert-5 (22)419 (17)
Hatanga7159'N10228'E33 (108)DfcPolar desert-13 (8)270 (11)
Vrangelja Island7059'N17839'W5 (15)ETPolar desert-11 (11)177 (7)
Cetyrehstolbovoj Il7037'N16224'E32 (105)ET--14 (7)132 (5)
Cokurdah7037'N14753'E61 (200)ETSubpolar moist tundra-14 (6)233 (9)
Dudinka6924'N8610'E19 (64)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-10 (14)529 (21)
Murmansk6857'N333'E51 (166)DfcSubpolar wet tundra0 (32)491 (19)
Cape Smidta6854'N17938'W4 (11)ET--12 (11)356 (14)
Dzardzan6844'N1240'E39 (126)DfdBoreal desert-12 (10)298 (12)
Kanin Nos (Cape)6839'N4317'E49 (159)ET--1 (30)441 (17)
Olenek6830'N11226'E220 (720)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-12 (11)291 (11)
Cape Kamennyj6830'N7335'E7 (23)ET--9 (15)393 (15)
Essej6828'N10222'E272 (892)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-12 (10)248 (10)
Nar'Jan-Mar6737'N531'E12 (39)DfcSubpolar wet tundra-4 (25)435 (17)
Verhojansk6734'N13324'E136 (447)DfdSubpolar dry tundra-15 (4)177 (7)
Ilirnej6715'N16758'E354 (1160)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-14 (8)236 (9)
Kandalaksa6710'N3221'E25 (83)DfcBoreal wet forest0 (32)520 (20)
Hoseda-Hard673'N5925'E84 (275)DfcSubpolar wet tundra-5 (23)455 (18)
Zigansk6646'N12324'E92 (303)DfdBoreal desert-12 (11)284 (11)
Ust-Oloj6633'N15925'E127 (418)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-12 (10)264 (10)
Salekhard6632'N6640'E16 (53)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-7 (20)438 (17)
Selagoncy6615'N11417'E236 (773)DfdSubpolar moist tundra-13 (8)292 (12)
Cape Uelen6610'N16950'W7 (23)ET--8 (18)443 (17)
Gridino6554'N3446'E12 (39)DfcBoreal moist forest1 (34)430 (17)
Turukhansk6548'N8759'E38 (124)DfcBoreal moist forest-7 (20)553 (22)
Zyryanka6544'N15054'E43 (141)DfcBoreal moist forest-11 (12)266 (10)
Ust-Cilma6526'N5216'E79 (260)DfcBoreal wet forest-2 (29)566 (22)
Pecora658'N578'E59 (194)DfcBoreal wet forest-2 (28)579 (23)
Kem6457'N3439'E8 (26)DfcBoreal moist forest1 (34)435 (17)
Tarko-Sale6455'N7749'E27 (89)DfcBoreal moist forest-6 (21)490 (19)
Anadyr6447'N17734'E61 (200)DscSubpolar moist tundra-8 (18)344 (14)
Markovo6441'N17025'E26 (86)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-9 (16)408 (16)
Arkhangelsk6430'N4030'E4 (13)DfcBoreal moist forest1 (33)560 (22)
Providenja Bay6423'N17314'W40 (130)ETPolar desert-4 (25)786 (31)
Tura6416'N10013'E191 (626)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-9 (15)379 (15)
Berezovo6356'N653'E32 (106)DfcBoreal moist forest-4 (26)531 (21)
Onega6354'N387'E13 (42)DfcBoreal wet forest2 (35)600 (24)
Reboly6350'N3049'E182 (597)DfcBoreal wet forest1 (34)606 (24)
Viljujsk6347'N12137'E111 (364)DfcBoreal dry scrub-9 (16)261 (10)
Oymyakon6316'N1439'E740 (2428)DfdSubpolar rain tundra-16 (4)212 (8)
Sejmcan6255'N15225'E210 (689)DscBoreal moist forest-11 (12)311 (12)
Troicko-Pecerskoe6242'N5611'E136 (446)DfcBoreal wet forest-1 (30)644 (25)
Kamenskoe6230'N16611'E8 (26)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-7 (20)445 (18)
Njaksimvol'6226'N6052'E51 (167)DfcBoreal moist forest-2 (29)556 (22)
Suntar629'N11739'E138 (451)DfcBoreal dry scrub-8 (18)276 (11)
Jakutsk621'N12943'E101 (330)DfdBoreal dry scrub-10 (14)239 (9)
Petrozavodsk6149'N3416'E111 (364)DfcBoreal wet forest2 (36)585 (23)
Sortovala6143'N3043'E19 (62)DfcCool temperate moist forest3 (38)608 (24)
Syktyvkar6141'N5047'E119 (390)DfcBoreal moist forest1 (33)555 (22)
Bajkit6140'N9622'E262 (860)DfcBoreal moist forest-6 (20)518 (20)
Bor6135'N902'E58 (189)DfcBoreal moist forest-4 (25)594 (23)
Erbogacen6116'N1081'E291 (954)DfcBoreal dry scrub-7 (19)333 (13)
Surgut6115'N7330'E40 (131)DfcBoreal moist forest-3 (26)492 (19)
Kotlas6114'N4641'E56 (183)DfcBoreal moist forest1 (35)537 (21)
Hanty-Mansijsk612'N697'E44 (145)DfcBoreal moist forest-2 (29)548 (22)
Vytegra611'N3628'E56 (184)DfcBoreal wet forest3 (37)683 (27)
Ivdel'6041'N6027'E94 (309)DfcBoreal moist forest-1 (31)517 (20)
Aleksandrovskoe6026'N7752'E49 (159)DfcBoreal moist forest-2 (28)492 (19)
Cerdyn'6024'N5631'E207 (678)DfcBoreal moist forest0 (32)717 (28)
Olekminsk6024'N12025'E230 (753)DfcBoreal moist forest-6 (21)313 (12)
Ust-Maja6023'N13427'E170 (559)DfdBoreal moist forest-10 (14)312 (12)
Korf6021'N1660'E2 (7)DfcSubpolar wet tundra-3 (28)443 (17)
Vanavara6020'N10218'E260 (854)DfcBoreal dry scrub-6 (21)418 (16)
Tot'Ma5959'N4246'E135 (444)DfcBoreal moist forest2 (35)623 (25)
Saint Petersburg5958'N3018'E6 (20)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (40)633 (25)
Levsi5938'N6543'E72 (236)DfcBoreal moist forest0 (32)481 (19)
Magadan5933'N15047'E116 (381)DfcSubpolar wet tundra-3 (26)533 (21)
Vitim5927'N11235'E190 (623)DfcBoreal moist forest-5 (22)430 (17)
Okhotsk5922'N14312'E6 (20)Dwc--5 (22)378 (15)
Ohotsk5922'N14312'E6 (18)Dfc--4 (24)489 (19)
Vologda5919'N3956'E130 (426)DfbBoreal moist forest3 (37)574 (23)
Kirov5838'N4937'E165 (541)DfbCool temperate moist forest2 (36)630 (25)
Aldan5837'N12522'E679 (2228)DfcBoreal moist forest-6 (21)658 (26)
Biser5831'N5851'E464 (1521)DfcBoreal wet forest-1 (31)847 (33)
Novgorod5831'N3115'E24 (79)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (40)558 (22)
Ust'Vajampolka5830'N15910'E7 (24)Dfc--3 (26)479 (19)
Jenisejsk5827'N9212'E79 (259)DfcBoreal moist forest-2 (29)486 (19)
Bogucany5823'N9727'E134 (438)DfcBoreal moist forest-2 (28)343 (14)
Kolpasev5819'N8257'E75 (246)DfcBoreal moist forest-1 (30)495 (19)
Tobolsk589'N6815'E47 (154)DfcCool temperate steppe0 (32)473 (19)
Perm5757'N5612'E170 (558)DfbCool temperate moist forest2 (35)620 (24)
Pskov5749'N2820'E44 (144)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (41)622 (25)
Kirensk5746'N1084'E259 (848)DfcBoreal moist forest-4 (24)387 (15)
Kostroma5744'N4047'E126 (412)DfbCool temperate moist forest3 (38)618 (24)
Cara5654'N11816'E711 (2331)DwcBoreal moist forest-8 (18)348 (14)
Tara5654'N7423'E73 (240)DfcBoreal moist forest0 (32)440 (17)
Culman/ Neriugri5650'N12452'E858 (2816)DfcBoreal moist forest-9 (16)533 (21)
Sverdlovsk5650'N6038'E281 (923)DfbBoreal moist forest2 (36)497 (20)
Yekaterinburg5648'N6038'E237 (778)DfbBoreal moist forest1 (34)460 (18)
Krasnoufimsk5639'N5747'E206 (677)DfbBoreal moist forest1 (35)549 (22)
Tomsk5630'N8455'E139 (457)DfcBoreal moist forest0 (32)538 (21)
Ajan5627'N1389'E8 (26)Dwc--3 (27)893 (35)
Velikie Luki5621'N3037'E103 (338)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (41)618 (24)
Kljuci5619'N16050'E29 (95)DfcPolar desert-1 (31)642 (25)
Bratsk5617'N10145'E416 (1365)DfcBoreal moist forest-1 (29)354 (14)
Ust-Kamcatsk5614'N16242'E30 (99)DfcSubpolar wet tundra0 (31)723 (28)
Gor'Kij5613'N4349'E161 (528)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (39)619 (24)
Sadrinsk564'N6339'E89 (292)DfbBoreal moist forest2 (36)429 (17)
Krasnoyarsk560'N9253'E156 (512)DfbBoreal moist forest1 (33)420 (17)
Moscow5550'N3737'E157 (514)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (41)689 (27)
Nizneangarsk5547'N10935'E479 (1573)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-3 (27)350 (14)
Kazan5544'N4912'E119 (389)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (39)548 (22)
Ica5535'N15535'E6 (18)DfcBoreal wet forest-1 (31)744 (29)
Kurgan5528'N6525'E74 (242)DfbBoreal moist forest2 (36)388 (15)
Barabinsk5521'N7818'E120 (392)DfbBoreal moist forest0 (33)379 (15)
Nikolskoe/ Beringa5512'N16559'E18 (58)Dfc-2 (36)700 (28)
Kalakan557'N11646'E613 (2011)DwcBoreal moist forest-8 (18)396 (16)
Novosibirsk552'N8254'E162 (531)DfbBoreal moist forest0 (32)425 (17)
Omsk551'N7323'E122 (401)DfbBoreal moist forest1 (34)390 (15)
Elat'Ma5457'N4146'E136 (445)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (40)617 (24)
Nizne-Udinsk5453'N992'E411 (1350)DwcBoreal moist forest-1 (30)391 (15)
Zigalovo5448'N10510'E419 (1375)DwcBoreal moist forest-4 (25)337 (13)
Smolensk5445'N324'E238 (781)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (40)701 (28)
Kaliningrad5444'N2033'E21 (69)DfbCool temperate moist forest7 (45)802 (32)
Bomnak5443'N12852'E364 (1196)DwcBoreal moist forest-5 (23)584 (23)
Ufa5443'N5549'E104 (343)DfbCool temperate moist forest3 (37)581 (23)
Bogdarin5426'N11335'E902 (2961)DwcBoreal dry scrub-6 (21)353 (14)
Skovorodino540'N12358'E397 (1303)DwcBoreal moist forest-5 (24)447 (18)
Pavelec5347'N3915'E209 (686)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (40)550 (22)
Mogoca5345'N11944'E625 (2050)DwcBoreal moist forest-5 (23)433 (17)
Minusinsk5343'N9142'E254 (835)DwbBoreal moist forest1 (34)341 (13)
Barnaul5326'N8331'E185 (607)DfbCool temperate steppe2 (36)423 (17)
Ust-Barguzin5325'N1091'E461 (1511)DwcBoreal moist forest-2 (28)372 (15)
Kujbysev/ Bezencuk5317'N5030'E44 (144)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (41)563 (22)
Nikolayevsk Na Amure539'N14042'E67 (219)DfbBoreal moist forest-2 (28)641 (25)
Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky535'N15835'E84 (275)DfcPolar desert2 (35)996 (39)
Ekimcan535'N13256'E542 (1779)DwcBoreal moist forest-5 (22)647 (25)
Tambov5248'N4120'E128 (421)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (42)550 (22)
Im Poliny Osipenko5225'N13630'E70 (231)DwbBoreal moist forest-3 (27)472 (19)
Irkutsk5216'N10419'E469 (1539)DwcBoreal moist forest0 (32)467 (18)
Vasilevici5215'N2950'E142 (467)DfbCool temperate moist forest7 (44)627 (25)
Cita/ Kadala525'N11329'E671 (2200)DwcBoreal moist forest-3 (27)343 (13)
Chita521'N11320'E662 (2172)DwcBoreal moist forest-3 (27)343 (14)
Krasnojarsk5157'N5953'E342 (1122)DfcCool temperate steppe1 (34)467 (18)
Ulan-Ude/ Muhino5150'N10736'E515 (1688)BSkBoreal dry scrub-1 (30)257 (10)
Kursk5146'N3610'E247 (811)DfbCool temperate moist forest6 (42)610 (24)
Orenburg5142'N555'E118 (386)DfaCool temperate steppe5 (40)374 (15)
Voronez5139'N3915'E104 (341)DfbCool temperate moist forest6 (43)579 (23)
Saratov5133'N462'E167 (546)DfbCool temperate steppe6 (42)471 (19)
Nercinskij Zavod5119'N11937'E619 (2031)DwcBoreal moist forest-3 (27)435 (17)
Aleksandrovsk-Sahal5054'N14210'E31 (102)DfbBoreal wet forest0 (33)636 (25)
Borzja5024'N11631'E676 (2217)DwcBoreal dry scrub-2 (28)301 (12)
Blagovescensk5017'N12729'E169 (554)DwbBoreal moist forest1 (33)573 (23)
Aleksandrov-Gaj509'N4833'E25 (81)DfaCool temperate steppe7 (44)337 (13)
Kyra4934'N11158'E908 (2979)DwcBoreal moist forest-1 (30)382 (15)
Poronajsk4913'N1436'E8 (26)DfcBoreal wet forest0 (33)739 (29)
Volgograd4842'N4431'E42 (138)DfaCool temperate steppe7 (45)318 (13)
Habarovsk/ Novy4832'N13511'E76 (249)DwbCool temperate moist forest2 (35)711 (28)
Khabarovsk4831'N1357'E86 (282)DwbCool temperate moist forest0 (32)569 (22)
Ekaterino-Nikol'Sko4744'N13058'E73 (239)DwbCool temperate moist forest2 (36)620 (24)
Cape Zolotoj4719'N13859'E26 (84)DfcBoreal wet forest3 (37)866 (34)
Rostov On Don4715'N3949'E78 (256)DfaCool temperate steppe10 (49)595 (23)
Nikolaev472'N3157'E50 (164)DfaCool temperate steppe10 (50)467 (18)
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Sakhalin4658'N14243'E23 (75)DfbBoreal moist forest2 (36)753 (30)
Juzno-Sahalinsk4657'N14243'E24 (79)DfbBoreal moist forest2 (36)857 (34)
Simusir Island4653'N15154'E26 (85)Dfc-3 (37)1630 (64)
Elista4618'N4411'E197 (647)DfaCool temperate steppe9 (49)354 (14)
Astrakhan4616'N482'E18 (59)BSkCool temperate desert scrub10 (50)216 (8)
Jaskul'4611'N4521'E-7 (-22)BSkCool temperate steppe10 (50)246 (10)
Primorsko-Ahtarsk462'N389'E4 (13)CfaCool temperate steppe11 (52)590 (23)
Kerc'4524'N3625'E49 (161)CfaCool temperate steppe11 (52)434 (17)
Krasnodar452'N399'E34 (112)CfaCool temperate steppe12 (53)695 (27)
Ternej450'N13636'E62 (203)DfbBoreal wet forest3 (38)818 (32)
Armavir4459'N417'E159 (522)CfaCool temperate steppe11 (52)595 (23)
Tuapse (Stream)446'N394'E62 (202)CfaCool temperate moist forest14 (56)1394 (55)
Pjatigorsk442'N431'E576 (1890)DfbCool temperate moist forest9 (48)553 (22)
Juzno-Kurilsk441'N14552'E45 (148)Dfb-5 (41)1245 (49)
Soci4335'N3946'E131 (431)CfaCool temperate wet forest14 (57)1572 (62)
Gorznyj4315'N4543'E258 (845)DfaCool temperate steppe11 (51)449 (18)
Vladivostok437'N13155'E189 (618)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (40)787 (31)
Mahackala430'N4730'E-19 (-61)BSk-12 (54)337 (13)
Tamdy-Bulak4144'N6437'E236 (774)BWkCool temperate desert14 (57)124 (5)
Fergana4023'N7145'E577 (1893)BWkCool temperate desert scrub14 (57)177 (7)
Leninbad4013'N6944'E427 (1401)BWkCool temperate desert14 (58)165 (6)
Termez3717'N6719'E311 (1020)BWkWarm temperate thorn steppe17 (62)148 (6)
 Russia Average5751'N8221'E164 (539)DfcBoreal moist forest-1 (30)494 (19)

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