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Climate & Temperature > Russia Climate
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Climate, Average Weather of Russia

  • Of the land area, 2.9% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 0.4% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 25% has a continental/ microthermal climate with dry winters(Dw), 61.7% has a continental/ microthermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Df), 2.3% has a alpine/ highland climate (H), 7.8% has a polar climate (E).
  • Of the population, 6.1% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 0% live in a arid/ desert climate (BW), 3.2% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Cf), 8.7% live in a continental/ microthermal climate with dry winters(Dw), 80.1% live in a continental/ microthermal climate with significant precipitation in all seasons (Df), 0.5% live in a polar climate (E), 1.5% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Location Lat. Long. Alt. m(ft) Climate Biome Av. Temp. Precip.
Krenkel Polar (Isl)80°38'N58°4'E25 (81)ETPolar desert-14 (7)293 (12)
Vize Island79°29'N76°59'E10 (33)ET--15 (6)199 (8)
Cape Celjuskin/ Fedo77°43'N104°18'E15 (49)ETPolar desert-15 (4)247 (10)
Ujedinenija Island77°30'N82°13'E9 (30)ET--14 (7)194 (8)
Kotel'Nyj Island76°0'N137°52'E15 (49)ET--15 (5)171 (7)
Dikson Island73°31'N80°24'E46 (152)ET--12 (10)366 (14)
Cape Salaurova73°10'N143°13'E14 (46)ETPolar desert-15 (5)168 (7)
Malye Karmakuly, Novaya Zemlya72°23'N52°44'E16 (52)ETPolar desert-6 (22)316 (12)
Malye Karmakuly72°22'N52°43'E15 (48)ETPolar desert-5 (22)419 (17)
Hatanga71°59'N102°28'E33 (108)DfcPolar desert-13 (8)270 (11)
Vrangelja Island70°59'N178°39'W5 (15)ETPolar desert-11 (11)177 (7)
Cetyrehstolbovoj Il70°37'N162°24'E32 (105)ET--14 (7)132 (5)
Cokurdah70°37'N147°53'E61 (200)ETSubpolar moist tundra-14 (6)233 (9)
Dudinka69°24'N86°10'E19 (64)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-10 (14)529 (21)
Murmansk68°57'N33°3'E51 (166)DfcSubpolar wet tundra0 (32)491 (19)
Cape Smidta68°54'N179°38'W4 (11)ET--12 (11)356 (14)
Dzardzan68°44'N124°0'E39 (126)DfdBoreal desert-12 (10)298 (12)
Kanin Nos (Cape)68°39'N43°17'E49 (159)ET--1 (30)441 (17)
Olenek68°30'N112°26'E220 (720)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-12 (11)291 (11)
Cape Kamennyj68°30'N73°35'E7 (23)ET--9 (15)393 (15)
Essej68°28'N102°22'E272 (892)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-12 (10)248 (10)
Nar'Jan-Mar67°37'N53°1'E12 (39)DfcSubpolar wet tundra-4 (25)435 (17)
Verhojansk67°34'N133°24'E136 (447)DfdSubpolar dry tundra-15 (4)177 (7)
Ilirnej67°15'N167°58'E354 (1160)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-14 (8)236 (9)
Kandalaksa67°10'N32°21'E25 (83)DfcBoreal wet forest0 (32)520 (20)
Hoseda-Hard67°3'N59°25'E84 (275)DfcSubpolar wet tundra-5 (23)455 (18)
Zigansk66°46'N123°24'E92 (303)DfdBoreal desert-12 (11)284 (11)
Ust-Oloj66°33'N159°25'E127 (418)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-12 (10)264 (10)
Salekhard66°32'N66°40'E16 (53)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-7 (20)438 (17)
Selagoncy66°15'N114°17'E236 (773)DfdSubpolar moist tundra-13 (8)292 (12)
Cape Uelen66°10'N169°50'W7 (23)ET--8 (18)443 (17)
Gridino65°54'N34°46'E12 (39)DfcBoreal moist forest1 (34)430 (17)
Turukhansk65°48'N87°59'E38 (124)DfcBoreal moist forest-7 (20)553 (22)
Zyryanka65°44'N150°54'E43 (141)DfcBoreal moist forest-11 (12)266 (10)
Ust-Cilma65°26'N52°16'E79 (260)DfcBoreal wet forest-2 (29)566 (22)
Pecora65°8'N57°8'E59 (194)DfcBoreal wet forest-2 (28)579 (23)
Kem64°57'N34°39'E8 (26)DfcBoreal moist forest1 (34)435 (17)
Tarko-Sale64°55'N77°49'E27 (89)DfcBoreal moist forest-6 (21)490 (19)
Anadyr64°47'N177°34'E61 (200)DscSubpolar moist tundra-8 (18)344 (14)
Markovo64°41'N170°25'E26 (86)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-9 (16)408 (16)
Arkhangelsk64°30'N40°30'E4 (13)DfcBoreal moist forest1 (33)560 (22)
Providenja Bay64°23'N173°14'W40 (130)ETPolar desert-4 (25)786 (31)
Tura64°16'N100°13'E191 (626)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-9 (15)379 (15)
Berezovo63°56'N65°3'E32 (106)DfcBoreal moist forest-4 (26)531 (21)
Onega63°54'N38°7'E13 (42)DfcBoreal wet forest2 (35)600 (24)
Reboly63°50'N30°49'E182 (597)DfcBoreal wet forest1 (34)606 (24)
Viljujsk63°47'N121°37'E111 (364)DfcBoreal dry scrub-9 (16)261 (10)
Oymyakon63°16'N143°9'E740 (2428)DfdSubpolar rain tundra-16 (4)212 (8)
Sejmcan62°55'N152°25'E210 (689)DscBoreal moist forest-11 (12)311 (12)
Troicko-Pecerskoe62°42'N56°11'E136 (446)DfcBoreal wet forest-1 (30)644 (25)
Kamenskoe62°30'N166°11'E8 (26)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-7 (20)445 (18)
Njaksimvol'62°26'N60°52'E51 (167)DfcBoreal moist forest-2 (29)556 (22)
Suntar62°9'N117°39'E138 (451)DfcBoreal dry scrub-8 (18)276 (11)
Jakutsk62°1'N129°43'E101 (330)DfdBoreal dry scrub-10 (14)239 (9)
Petrozavodsk61°49'N34°16'E111 (364)DfcBoreal wet forest2 (36)585 (23)
Sortovala61°43'N30°43'E19 (62)DfcCool temperate moist forest3 (38)608 (24)
Syktyvkar61°41'N50°47'E119 (390)DfcBoreal moist forest1 (33)555 (22)
Bajkit61°40'N96°22'E262 (860)DfcBoreal moist forest-6 (20)518 (20)
Bor61°35'N90°2'E58 (189)DfcBoreal moist forest-4 (25)594 (23)
Erbogacen61°16'N108°1'E291 (954)DfcBoreal dry scrub-7 (19)333 (13)
Surgut61°15'N73°30'E40 (131)DfcBoreal moist forest-3 (26)492 (19)
Kotlas61°14'N46°41'E56 (183)DfcBoreal moist forest1 (35)537 (21)
Hanty-Mansijsk61°2'N69°7'E44 (145)DfcBoreal moist forest-2 (29)548 (22)
Vytegra61°1'N36°28'E56 (184)DfcBoreal wet forest3 (37)683 (27)
Ivdel'60°41'N60°27'E94 (309)DfcBoreal moist forest-1 (31)517 (20)
Aleksandrovskoe60°26'N77°52'E49 (159)DfcBoreal moist forest-2 (28)492 (19)
Cerdyn'60°24'N56°31'E207 (678)DfcBoreal moist forest0 (32)717 (28)
Olekminsk60°24'N120°25'E230 (753)DfcBoreal moist forest-6 (21)313 (12)
Ust-Maja60°23'N134°27'E170 (559)DfdBoreal moist forest-10 (14)312 (12)
Korf60°21'N166°0'E2 (7)DfcSubpolar wet tundra-3 (28)443 (17)
Vanavara60°20'N102°18'E260 (854)DfcBoreal dry scrub-6 (21)418 (16)
Tot'Ma59°59'N42°46'E135 (444)DfcBoreal moist forest2 (35)623 (25)
Saint Petersburg59°58'N30°18'E6 (20)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (40)633 (25)
Levsi59°38'N65°43'E72 (236)DfcBoreal moist forest0 (32)481 (19)
Magadan59°33'N150°47'E116 (381)DfcSubpolar wet tundra-3 (26)533 (21)
Vitim59°27'N112°35'E190 (623)DfcBoreal moist forest-5 (22)430 (17)
Okhotsk59°22'N143°12'E6 (20)Dwc--5 (22)378 (15)
Ohotsk59°22'N143°12'E6 (18)Dfc--4 (24)489 (19)
Vologda59°19'N39°56'E130 (426)DfbBoreal moist forest3 (37)574 (23)
Kirov58°38'N49°37'E165 (541)DfbCool temperate moist forest2 (36)630 (25)
Aldan58°37'N125°22'E679 (2228)DfcBoreal moist forest-6 (21)658 (26)
Biser58°31'N58°51'E464 (1521)DfcBoreal wet forest-1 (31)847 (33)
Novgorod58°31'N31°15'E24 (79)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (40)558 (22)
Ust'Vajampolka58°30'N159°10'E7 (24)Dfc--3 (26)479 (19)
Jenisejsk58°27'N92°12'E79 (259)DfcBoreal moist forest-2 (29)486 (19)
Bogucany58°23'N97°27'E134 (438)DfcBoreal moist forest-2 (28)343 (14)
Kolpasev58°19'N82°57'E75 (246)DfcBoreal moist forest-1 (30)495 (19)
Tobolsk58°9'N68°15'E47 (154)DfcCool temperate steppe0 (32)473 (19)
Perm57°57'N56°12'E170 (558)DfbCool temperate moist forest2 (35)620 (24)
Pskov57°49'N28°20'E44 (144)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (41)622 (25)
Kirensk57°46'N108°4'E259 (848)DfcBoreal moist forest-4 (24)387 (15)
Kostroma57°44'N40°47'E126 (412)DfbCool temperate moist forest3 (38)618 (24)
Cara56°54'N118°16'E711 (2331)DwcBoreal moist forest-8 (18)348 (14)
Tara56°54'N74°23'E73 (240)DfcBoreal moist forest0 (32)440 (17)
Culman/ Neriugri56°50'N124°52'E858 (2816)DfcBoreal moist forest-9 (16)533 (21)
Sverdlovsk56°50'N60°38'E281 (923)DfbBoreal moist forest2 (36)497 (20)
Yekaterinburg56°48'N60°38'E237 (778)DfbBoreal moist forest1 (34)460 (18)
Krasnoufimsk56°39'N57°47'E206 (677)DfbBoreal moist forest1 (35)549 (22)
Tomsk56°30'N84°55'E139 (457)DfcBoreal moist forest0 (32)538 (21)
Ajan56°27'N138°9'E8 (26)Dwc--3 (27)893 (35)
Velikie Luki56°21'N30°37'E103 (338)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (41)618 (24)
Kljuci56°19'N160°50'E29 (95)DfcPolar desert-1 (31)642 (25)
Bratsk56°17'N101°45'E416 (1365)DfcBoreal moist forest-1 (29)354 (14)
Ust-Kamcatsk56°14'N162°42'E30 (99)DfcSubpolar wet tundra0 (31)723 (28)
Gor'Kij56°13'N43°49'E161 (528)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (39)619 (24)
Sadrinsk56°4'N63°39'E89 (292)DfbBoreal moist forest2 (36)429 (17)
Krasnoyarsk56°0'N92°53'E156 (512)DfbBoreal moist forest1 (33)420 (17)
Moscow55°50'N37°37'E157 (514)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (41)689 (27)
Nizneangarsk55°47'N109°35'E479 (1573)DfcSubpolar moist tundra-3 (27)350 (14)
Kazan55°44'N49°12'E119 (389)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (39)548 (22)
Ica55°35'N155°35'E6 (18)DfcBoreal wet forest-1 (31)744 (29)
Kurgan55°28'N65°25'E74 (242)DfbBoreal moist forest2 (36)388 (15)
Barabinsk55°21'N78°18'E120 (392)DfbBoreal moist forest0 (33)379 (15)
Nikolskoe/ Beringa55°12'N165°59'E18 (58)Dfc-2 (36)700 (28)
Kalakan55°7'N116°46'E613 (2011)DwcBoreal moist forest-8 (18)396 (16)
Novosibirsk55°2'N82°54'E162 (531)DfbBoreal moist forest0 (32)425 (17)
Omsk55°1'N73°23'E122 (401)DfbBoreal moist forest1 (34)390 (15)
Elat'Ma54°57'N41°46'E136 (445)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (40)617 (24)
Nizne-Udinsk54°53'N99°2'E411 (1350)DwcBoreal moist forest-1 (30)391 (15)
Zigalovo54°48'N105°10'E419 (1375)DwcBoreal moist forest-4 (25)337 (13)
Smolensk54°45'N32°4'E238 (781)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (40)701 (28)
Kaliningrad54°44'N20°33'E21 (69)DfbCool temperate moist forest7 (45)802 (32)
Bomnak54°43'N128°52'E364 (1196)DwcBoreal moist forest-5 (23)584 (23)
Ufa54°43'N55°49'E104 (343)DfbCool temperate moist forest3 (37)581 (23)
Bogdarin54°26'N113°35'E902 (2961)DwcBoreal dry scrub-6 (21)353 (14)
Skovorodino54°0'N123°58'E397 (1303)DwcBoreal moist forest-5 (24)447 (18)
Pavelec53°47'N39°15'E209 (686)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (40)550 (22)
Mogoca53°45'N119°44'E625 (2050)DwcBoreal moist forest-5 (23)433 (17)
Minusinsk53°43'N91°42'E254 (835)DwbBoreal moist forest1 (34)341 (13)
Barnaul53°26'N83°31'E185 (607)DfbCool temperate steppe2 (36)423 (17)
Ust-Barguzin53°25'N109°1'E461 (1511)DwcBoreal moist forest-2 (28)372 (15)
Kujbysev/ Bezencuk53°17'N50°30'E44 (144)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (41)563 (22)
Nikolayevsk Na Amure53°9'N140°42'E67 (219)DfbBoreal moist forest-2 (28)641 (25)
Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky53°5'N158°35'E84 (275)DfcPolar desert2 (35)996 (39)
Ekimcan53°5'N132°56'E542 (1779)DwcBoreal moist forest-5 (22)647 (25)
Tambov52°48'N41°20'E128 (421)DfbCool temperate moist forest5 (42)550 (22)
Im Poliny Osipenko52°25'N136°30'E70 (231)DwbBoreal moist forest-3 (27)472 (19)
Irkutsk52°16'N104°19'E469 (1539)DwcBoreal moist forest0 (32)467 (18)
Vasilevici52°15'N29°50'E142 (467)DfbCool temperate moist forest7 (44)627 (25)
Cita/ Kadala52°5'N113°29'E671 (2200)DwcBoreal moist forest-3 (27)343 (13)
Chita52°1'N113°20'E662 (2172)DwcBoreal moist forest-3 (27)343 (14)
Krasnojarsk51°57'N59°53'E342 (1122)DfcCool temperate steppe1 (34)467 (18)
Ulan-Ude/ Muhino51°50'N107°36'E515 (1688)BSkBoreal dry scrub-1 (30)257 (10)
Kursk51°46'N36°10'E247 (811)DfbCool temperate moist forest6 (42)610 (24)
Orenburg51°42'N55°5'E118 (386)DfaCool temperate steppe5 (40)374 (15)
Voronez51°39'N39°15'E104 (341)DfbCool temperate moist forest6 (43)579 (23)
Saratov51°33'N46°2'E167 (546)DfbCool temperate steppe6 (42)471 (19)
Nercinskij Zavod51°19'N119°37'E619 (2031)DwcBoreal moist forest-3 (27)435 (17)
Aleksandrovsk-Sahal50°54'N142°10'E31 (102)DfbBoreal wet forest0 (33)636 (25)
Borzja50°24'N116°31'E676 (2217)DwcBoreal dry scrub-2 (28)301 (12)
Blagovescensk50°17'N127°29'E169 (554)DwbBoreal moist forest1 (33)573 (23)
Aleksandrov-Gaj50°9'N48°33'E25 (81)DfaCool temperate steppe7 (44)337 (13)
Kyra49°34'N111°58'E908 (2979)DwcBoreal moist forest-1 (30)382 (15)
Poronajsk49°13'N143°6'E8 (26)DfcBoreal wet forest0 (33)739 (29)
Volgograd48°42'N44°31'E42 (138)DfaCool temperate steppe7 (45)318 (13)
Habarovsk/ Novy48°32'N135°11'E76 (249)DwbCool temperate moist forest2 (35)711 (28)
Khabarovsk48°31'N135°7'E86 (282)DwbCool temperate moist forest0 (32)569 (22)
Ekaterino-Nikol'Sko47°44'N130°58'E73 (239)DwbCool temperate moist forest2 (36)620 (24)
Cape Zolotoj47°19'N138°59'E26 (84)DfcBoreal wet forest3 (37)866 (34)
Rostov On Don47°15'N39°49'E78 (256)DfaCool temperate steppe10 (49)595 (23)
Nikolaev47°2'N31°57'E50 (164)DfaCool temperate steppe10 (50)467 (18)
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Sakhalin46°58'N142°43'E23 (75)DfbBoreal moist forest2 (36)753 (30)
Juzno-Sahalinsk46°57'N142°43'E24 (79)DfbBoreal moist forest2 (36)857 (34)
Simusir Island46°53'N151°54'E26 (85)Dfc-3 (37)1630 (64)
Elista46°18'N44°11'E197 (647)DfaCool temperate steppe9 (49)354 (14)
Astrakhan46°16'N48°2'E18 (59)BSkCool temperate desert scrub10 (50)216 (8)
Jaskul'46°11'N45°21'E-7 (-22)BSkCool temperate steppe10 (50)246 (10)
Primorsko-Ahtarsk46°2'N38°9'E4 (13)CfaCool temperate steppe11 (52)590 (23)
Kerc'45°24'N36°25'E49 (161)CfaCool temperate steppe11 (52)434 (17)
Krasnodar45°2'N39°9'E34 (112)CfaCool temperate steppe12 (53)695 (27)
Ternej45°0'N136°36'E62 (203)DfbBoreal wet forest3 (38)818 (32)
Armavir44°59'N41°7'E159 (522)CfaCool temperate steppe11 (52)595 (23)
Tuapse (Stream)44°6'N39°4'E62 (202)CfaCool temperate moist forest14 (56)1394 (55)
Pjatigorsk44°2'N43°1'E576 (1890)DfbCool temperate moist forest9 (48)553 (22)
Juzno-Kurilsk44°1'N145°52'E45 (148)Dfb-5 (41)1245 (49)
Soci43°35'N39°46'E131 (431)CfaCool temperate wet forest14 (57)1572 (62)
Gorznyj43°15'N45°43'E258 (845)DfaCool temperate steppe11 (51)449 (18)
Vladivostok43°7'N131°55'E189 (618)DfbCool temperate moist forest4 (40)787 (31)
Mahackala43°0'N47°30'E-19 (-61)BSk-12 (54)337 (13)
Tamdy-Bulak41°44'N64°37'E236 (774)BWkCool temperate desert14 (57)124 (5)
Fergana40°23'N71°45'E577 (1893)BWkCool temperate desert scrub14 (57)177 (7)
Leninbad40°13'N69°44'E427 (1401)BWkCool temperate desert14 (58)165 (6)
Termez37°17'N67°19'E311 (1020)BWkWarm temperate thorn steppe17 (62)148 (6)
 Russia Average57°51'N82°21'E164 (539)DfcBoreal moist forest-1 (30)494 (19)

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